My name is Raffaello Lena. I was born on 2 September 1959.  I  published lunar articles in Icarus, Planetary Space Science, LPSC conference, JALPO, Selenology, JBAA other than in American and Italian magazines. I also worked for the editorial board of the Journal Selenology Today. I am the founder of the GLR group. I am the ALPO and BAA coordinator for the Lunar Domes studies. Welcome in my website, i suggest these musics 

LPOD NOTE March 4, 2009: " The P in LPOD nominally stands for Photo, but also People, for every lunar image, map or globe ever made was from the hands, eyes and brains of dedicated people who used a telescope or built a spacecraft. Here is the first of a series of occasional LPODs about people currently studying the Moon, or their classic predecessors. Raffaello Lena and his colleagues have elevated amateur lunar studies to the professional level. Over the last decade the Geologic Lunar Research Group that Raf founded has produced dozens of published studies of lunar domes, faults and transient phenomena. Raf has been interested in the Moon since he was 10 years old and has progressed from a small Newtonian telescope to high quality scopes (6” Maksutov Cassegrain and a 5” refractor). He is also the leader of the editorial board of Selenology Today, a journal that has produced the highest level of amateur lunar studies since the 1800s when gentleman scientists mapped the Moon. Like all amateurs, Raf has a reallife job in a different field. He has a doctorate in pharmaceutical sciences from the University of Rome and works on food safety. And whenever possible he listens to jazz and explores Italy’s volcanoes and mountainous geology." Chuck Wood

Asteroid  102224 Raffaellolena
Stefano Sposetti of Gnosca Observatory in Switzerland requested that the main belt asteroid, 1999 TG12, be named "Raffaello Lena", in recognition of my lunar contribution and studies. The IAU approved the request so the asteroid is now 102224 Raffaellolena

Monograph and book's chapters

  •  Lunar Domes: Properties and Formation Processes (Springer Praxis Series, 2013)

Review (LPOD April, 27 2013C. WoodOver the last ten years or so a small international group of professionals in various fields relentlessly imaged, measured and analysed lunar domes. They started with their own images and traditional techniques, and embraced new data and tools as they became available from orbiting spacecraft to refine their calculations and increase the types of knowledge gained. Early on simply getting an accurate determination of dome height and slope was a significant advance, and now they routinely estimate surface compositions, eruption conditions and geophysical constraints of dome formation. It is not an exaggeration to say that with the publication of the first book devoted exclusively to domes that Raf, Christian, Jim and Maria Teresa have become the world's leading experts on these small volcanoes. The first third of the book is technical, reflecting its origin in papers the team has published in professional journals, The rest is a mare by mare observer's guide to many dozens of domes, each illustrated with spacecraft and amateur images, and derived topographic profiles. The book is not for the casual observer, but both the professional lunar geologist and the advanced amateur will want it as a compact handbook of virtually everything we know of some of the Moon's most illusive features.These same four people are the leaders of the Geological Lunar Researches Group that has recently published the 31st issue of Selenology Today, a high level journal that provides opportunities for amateurs to publish new research on the Moon. Congratulations to GLR for ST and Lunar Domes.

Chuck Wood  

Lunar impact studies

Since many years I work on the search of lunar impacts, with simultaneous observations from distant observing sites. Stefano Sposetti, Andrea Manna (Switzerland) and I (from Rome) detected a simultaneous lunar flash likely originated by a lunar impact. Interview about the detection that Stefano Sposetti, Andrea Manna and I imaged on August 1, 2013 at 02: 21: 55.7 UT (National Institute of Astrophysics INAF). 

  • Lunar Meteoroid Impacts and How to Observe Them (Cudnik B. editor Springer)

Chapter 11,  which is written by Raffaello Lena,  is dedicated to those interested in determining whether an event is a spurious flash or a true impact.


  • Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms (editor Springer). Chapter about Magmatic instrusion structure (2014)

  • Encyclopedia of Lunar Science (editor Springer). Chapter about Lunar Domes  (2015)

Recent book regarding  lunar domes. Lunar Domes: Past, Present and Future Prospects
Note of Lunar Science, volumes I and II